The Test of English as a Foreign Language is abbreviated as TOEFL. It is intended to evaluate the ability of a student to understand English in an academic setting. It is considered as the admission requirement for non-native English speakers for education and profession. A TOEFL score is valid for two years after the completion of two years, your score won’t be considered as your language proficiency level. Colleges and universities usually consider only the most recent TOEFL score.
It is widely known that TOEFL test is a registered trademark of Educational Testing Service (ETS) and is valid worldwide. Administrated first in1964, till date the exam has been passed by more than 23 million students. The test was originally developed at the Center for Applied Linguistics under the direction of Stanford University.
The TOEFL Committee of Examiners comprises of 12 specialists in linguistics, teaching, language testing, or research. The board is considered as the advisory body of the TOEFL test content.
Formats and Contents of TOEFL
The format of the TOEFL can be categorised into two parts- internet based test and paper based test. The detailed discussion of these two formats is given below.
Internet based test
Internet based tests have been introduced in phases, with the United States, Canada, France, Germany, and Italy in 2005 and the rest of the world in 2006. This is replaced by Computer based training. This is a four-hour test consists of four sections, with special focus on the basic language skills (however, some tasks require integrating multiple skills) and majority of the questions are based on language used in an academic, higher-education environment. The Internet based test can be subcategorized into- reading, listening, Speaking and writing
Reading – There will be 3 to 5 passages to read focused on academic topics. After going through the passages, you have to answer questions like cause-effect, compare-contrast and argumentation, details, inferences, essential information, sentence insertion, vocabulary, rhetorical purpose and overall ideas.
Listening – This section comprises of six passages 3–5 minutes in length and questions about the passages. Student conversations and four academic lectures or discussions are the main part of this section. There will be two speakers, a student and either a professor or a campus service provider in this section. This section is focused on maintaining the ability of the student to understand main ideas.
Speaking- Speaking test will help to evaluate, how comfortably, a student can express his views.
Writing- Writing test is intended to check out how practically and clearly, a student can express his views. Proficiency in grammar and vocabulary is also evaluated in this part.
Paper based tests are administered on fixed dates 6 times each year. The test is 3 hours long and consisted of same parts as the former.
Listening – The Listening section consists of 3 parts and consisted of 50 questions
Structure and Written Expression – In this section, you have to complete 15 exercises sentence completion and 25 exercises of identifying errors.
Reading Comprehension – It contains 50 questions about reading passages.
Writing- it contains one essay with 250–300 words in average.